Topic026: The Path To Cosmology Via Higher Redshift, Bill Tifft, 9/16/16
The study of local redshifts revealed striking properties of the redshift, galaxies, energy, matter, gravity, space and time which cry out to be assembled into a new cosmology. Using the findings it was time to expand our tiny local domain to higher redshift to build a new consistent global cosmology. I will begin by stating basic premises developed from actual findings upon which QTC cosmology has developed. Findings are referenced by section number in my book [add ref] or within this blog where they may be reviewed, but not rediscussed herein. (For book information or acquisition see Post001 and Post002.) Book section 5.1.1 gives some finer references to early studies relating to gravitation and quantization. A later summary in the book includes further findings.
The principal medium of the universe is spherical 3-dimensional time, within which `particles’ of space (such as galaxies) are embedded flowing radially outward on `timelines’ from to at near light speed. The universe began with the birth of time. Time, as the inverse of energy, proceeds as a wave function in quantum steps while space, involving matter as passive energy, proceeds continuously. The flow, by aberration, folds 3-d time into a slightly fuzzy 1-d form, incorporating uncertainty, due to special relativistic time lag of matter. The folding is why 4-d physics (with uncertainty) works in space – BUT NOT COSMOLOGICALLY from space. We are looking at a quantum universe at an angle! The cosmological principle is correct only within space, but cosmologically only if redshifts are transformed to the cosmic frame. This fundamental test of QTC geometry is illustrated (3.3.3) by the effect on detection of cosmic quantization in the Virgo cluster. Spherical geometry of 3-d time resolves the classical flatness problem, qo is a constant 1/2, and relativistically delayed spatial flow explains the cosmic background dipole where its scale relates to `dark’ matter.
A basic distinction between time and space relates to simultaneity. Redshift periodicity arises since galaxies are located at the nodes of periodic timeline wave functions. The structure of time involves dipoles of instants of time anti-time which cannot exist simultaneously at the same time (hence a dipole spacing in `lateral’ constant 3-d time (not `radial’ increasing cosmic, time). Bose statistics applies in time. At the node of a wave function time is compressed and a bounded spatial particle exists, defined by its range limited spatial forces (gravity in galaxies). Temporal commonality is retained by separating in space to replace temporal simultaneity with its spatial form. That is Fermi statistics. Matter now flows continuously through time as it evolves/decays, retaining `temporal commonalty’, until there is sufficient aging (seen as asymmetry shifts) to allow its temporal wave function to advance to its next quantum (redshift) step. This is observed in redshift variability, spatial radial flow, radial redshifting and asymmetry evolution (part of which has been discussed).
The basic cosmic redshift involves three components, internal dynamical motion within a source, the radial quantized cosmic redshift, and a continuous redshift effect due to the 3-d curvature of time (2.7.0). This `lateral’ flow, due to divergence of timelines from to, accounts for what is classically interpreted as dark energy. This correction and a cosmic rest frame transform must be applied to observed redshifts to detect large scale cosmic quantized effects. Any general redshift study which does not apply the transformation and curvature correction is basically an invalid test.
Cosmic redshift quantization and the absence of any evidence of gravitational dynamics between galaxies on the large scale has been discussed through redshift-magnitude, double galaxy and global studies (see 5.1.1 referrals and early blog Topics). Basic quantization patterns build upon a doubling process described by the Lehto-Tifft equations (3.3.0,1), where redshift steps are precise fractions of the speed of light, c. There are several different periodic sequences based upon cube or ninth root patterns of doubling defined by the family distinguishing T parameter. Searches find the Lehto-Tifft set of periods to be unique and complete (3.6.0,1). A similar development from the Planck scale applies to particle physics (book Chapt. 4, blog Topics 19-25). Spatial fits are limited to 3-d and 4-d patterns (4.2.0-5) in accord with classical physics. Particle masses, various properties, and fundamental forces are defined. Key aspects of redshifts, timelines, energy, force and particle structure involve doubling aspects of the 1 2 4 `triad’ fundamental doubling unit (4.8.4, Topic025).
Galaxies appear to evolve physically in redshift and morphologically by two stream outflow from evolving temporal redshift dipoles shown to be embedded in the nuclear structure of galaxies, referred to classically as supermassive black holes. Such dipole structures are evolved aspects of the original birth of time at the origin of the universe and replace the classical concept of gravitational singularities which cannot exist in QTC. The two streams, isolated by a temporal interval can resolve the classical matter anti-matter problem. The function of galaxies in QTC is to provide an arena where continuous evolution (or decay) can proceed allowing quantum state wave functions to overlap and decay so the quantum universe can evolve and decay.
Using above premises and applying them at higher redshift now allows us to test the development of QTC. I was not directly involved in most quasar and active galaxy studies, but there were two clear observational facets which drew my attention. One was nonuniformity in the redshift distribution of active galaxies and quasars. There were peaks in the distribution at z=1.96, 1.41, 0.96, 0.60, 0.30, and 0.061. The other issue involved discordant redshifts in compact groups which is addressed in (1.7.2). The term `active’ is important in the quasar pattern. Activity often associates with an initial phase or beginning of a process as clearly demonstrated in QTC (1.7.0). Early studies of quasars and active galaxies were associated with radio and active emission objects which is how they were discovered. Selection criteria are critical in quantization work and cannot be ignored.
The upper right leading figure [book Fig. 5.1] shows the redshift distribution of the 3C major active radio sources which provided early quasar detections. The predicted location of the common redshift T states are indicated by vertical lines which quite clearly match the observed peaks. T = 0 and 6 are dominant Lehto-Tifft cube root families while 1, 5 and 7 mark principal ninth root sets. Other forms are very rare or nonexistant as active objects, hence the dips between peaks. The table in the upper left leading figure [Table 1 in book section 5.3.0] shows that the dominant T = 0 set of expected peaks are precise basic doubling fractional steps of c matching very precisely with the observed peaks. All such leading T state peaks provide leading edges of decay patterns which will be dominated by inactive forms as discussed using galaxies in the following topic. Periodicity studies must distinguish activity.
The lower right frame of the leading figures [book Fig. 5.4] shows an early quasar study, mostly active quasars, which again clearly shows the T state associations. The T = 1 state, offset from the dominant T = 0 state is quite clear. the lower left frame [book Fig. 5.5] shows an extension into lower redshift active galaxies which shows the basic T state continuing into lower redshift where galaxies replace quasars as later evolutionary products. Again the patterns shown must and do include the cosmological correction and the cosmic transformation. Compare the first and last column in the leading table to see how rapidly the cosmic correction increases. At observed z of 11, the limit of current work, the corrected z is only about 3.5, In QTC present studies are nowhere near the origin of the universe! They may, however, be near the limit of detectable sources. At that point QTC enters what is called `the dark forest’. But that is a story to come later.
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