Topic029: Universal Aging I, The Role of Period Doubling, Bill Tifft 11/08/16

Topic029: Universal Aging I, The Role of Period Doubling, Bill Tifft 11/08/16


Book figure 1.37 on left, Evolution of Doubling Patterns on right


Book figures 5.15 and 5.10

Correlation studies in the previous topic indicates that galaxies in three prominent redshift peaks just below z = 0.6 (z(LT) = 1/2) in the HDF or related patterns in the SDF (second or southern field), are parts of joined aggregates of galaxies. The mid HDF peak corresponds to a D = 4 z(LT) = 7c/16 doubling fraction flanked by 13c/32 and 15c/32 fractions generated at D = 5 later in a QTC D –> 5 energy state doubling process which is sequential in D. Temporal commonality in QTC appears to firmly link still higher order aspects of a spread in time ‘within’ individual galaxies (by the spatial forces) which individual components of a split retain, but connections at the doubling level itself and earlier doubling states are severed in time. The top right frame of the lead figure shows the doubling pattern that exists in the HDF and SDF fields previously discussed. Actual redshifts distributions are shown on the second leading line from Topic027 (book figures 5.15 and 5.10). (For book information or acquisition see Post001 and Post002.) Doubling is a basic ‘process’ which generates a change in the wave function of a particle, it is not a ‘flow’. Doubling provides cosmic structures through which passive energy, matter, flows by continuous ‘aging’ or ‘evolution’ (temporal processes driven by physical spatial action). Parts of this shifting appears to involve D fractions 4 or 5 steps higher such as the c/512 states seen in the HDF figure and discussed further later. In doubling we must have conservation of both energy and time, the numerator of a parent doubling fractional state must be odd numbered and the fractional pair produced must average to the parental value, rising and falling by one new fractional step. Temporal energy levels are exact fractions of c as shown in Topic013 and book section 3.6. However, temporal commonality allows the apparent distribution within an associated galaxy in a group to be slightly advanced or retarded since it depends upon physical processes which take time to adjust within the spatial structure of galaxies. That spatial process appears to involve radial outflow and aging with passage into dark matter as outlying material moves out of spatial communication and force range which is what defines space. Observationally redshift increases radially within nucleated galaxies as energy distributions becomes more asymmetric (as shown in book section 7.5 later). This distorts the temporal wave function progressively leading to subsequent timeline redshift changes in small periodic steps as discussed in Topic015. Redshift quantization is a complex subject. It cannot be studied by massive mixed samples from survey class programs of redshifts in general. Precise focused studies of individual carefully selected samples are required with proper transformations and corrections which to date have been ignored. Quantization is a property of 3-d time and CANNOT be studied in a spatial cosmic geometry except with some special differential or unique samples where a constant transformation error can be assumed and temporal corrections are small or essentially constant in small regions! This topic will pull together some key examples of data which cannot be ignored beginning with the tiny HDF and SDF fields.

The energy level decay patterns appear to take the form of successive steps in a doubling pattern beginning at each step in a prior higher order doubling pattern (or patterns) defined by the quasar set. A step of about 4 doublings must occur before a pattern within a pattern becomes obvious, D=4, 5 and 6 for c/16, c/32, and c/64 are therefor clear within the upper range of D=1 (c/2) in the HDF and SDF analysis. After a few steps the original source is gone and only later fractions of their subsequent descendants can be seen. The c/64 pattern has not yet begun in the HDF and the c/32 fractions are already weak in the upper SDF dual pattern with c/64 fractions stronger as decay has proceeded. Note the accumulation in 31c/64 just below where c/2 would be. Decay of this state could be retarded because decay to Nc/128 states is not yet possible. and a c/32 or c/64 level cannot split to anything above c/2. Such an accumulation just below key ‘parental’ starting levels is consistently present. Note the T=6 pattern at 39c/64 below the T=6 5c/8 level overlapping the common T=0 patterns we have been reviewing. The T=6, and other T states, discussed in Topics 17 and 18, are patterns involving different ninth root doubling patterns with T=6 the second most common. They follow the same class of patterns. The one marked in the SDF pattern falls in the c/8 pattern below the empty 3c/4 level (the upper tic on the T=6 line). The lower SDF c/32 and c/64 pattern is a structure developed from the T=0 3c/8 level still present. It has c/32 levels less decayed to c/64 at this lower doubling level. The 10c/32 data point marked could be or include a decayed 5c/16 level. It should be out of the 11c/32 c/64 temporal commonality zone created by 11c/32 doubling. In any case the z range just below z(LT) = 1/2 of the HDF and SDF studies is completely consistent with a QTC doubling decay pattern.

As we move to later (lower redshift) redshift patterns the doubling triplet pattern becomes more complex and takes the form of a redshift-magnitude diagram where developed bands replace the set of redshift peaks. At such higher doubling values evolution becomes much more rapid as periodic redshift steps become shorter and more frequent. We reside at D of 12 where redshift states are spaced by 73 km/s and variation has been detected. At D = 16 or 17 redshift decay is seen to occur in small steps of a few km/s every few years (see Topic009, book section 2.6 and Appendix 2). Steps within a band at D of 8 (where band spacing is about 1200 km/s) are recognized as generating a progression of cross-bands (with spacing about 600 km/s) within bands. The slope of redshift-magnitude bands and the steeper decay slope of cross-bands illustrates increasing decay rate as the universe ages. This can be seen as clumping along the band pattern of Cl 1358+62 shown in the left frame of the leading figure and the following in-text figure (book figure 1.18) of the redshift-magnitude band cross-band structure of the Coma cluster (left frame), previously discussed in Topic002. Further cross-band development and decay structure of the uppermost Coma band is illustrated in the right hand frame (book figure 1.34) of the in text figure where cross-band development was seen using lower redshift studies (as shown in Topic002).


Book figures 1.18 and 1.34

Redshift increases steadily within the HDF and SDF patterns, however, aging of the galaxies involved does not. The HDF c/16 D=4 pattern proceeded the c/32 D=5 peaks. This aging difference is clearly demonstrated in the Coma cluster where the middle band contains an older stellar component seen in book figure 1.30, shown as a terminal figure for this blog, and discussed in Topic003. The cluster core contains young active radio and emission objects (outlined regions) associated with the two bands bridging the older low emission forms. The older stellar forms also fall in a more widely distributed region around the cluster core as shown in the right hand frame of the terminal figure. Such an outward (temporal/radial) ‘flow’ in a cluster or group is equivalent to to outward ‘two stream’ radial/aging flow seen within the structure of individual galaxies as demonstrated by negative radial constants (outflow) for both galactocentric and cosmic rest frame transformations. Both galactic and cosmic evolution are intimately related to cosmic time and redshift patterns within the temporal lookback framework. More detailed individual studies of redshift structure and variability are needed to study and interpret such observable temporal lookback structures.

This blog has begun linking together observational findings presented in earlier blogs. The story of what QTC proposes to be a realistic story of the origin and evolution of our universe is based upon direct observational evidence classically unexplainable. The reader may wish to review some early topics on redshift quantization, structures and variation which rest on that evidence. I will continue discussion of the process by which period doubling appears to actually proceed in Topic030.


Book figure S1.30

Topic028 Topic030

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