Topic031: Universal Aging III, Constructing Space and Its Nuclear Dipole,
Bill Tifft, 12/30/16
As the discussion of the doubling process began it became apparent that since it is a fundamental process which links space and time, it is necessary to discuss how space and its nuclear dipole are constructed out of time. Prior topics have indicated that space is generated as time is compressed at nodes of temporal wave functions in QTC. It is revealing and informative to develop the process in detail as it links together observed facts and premises within QTC. The above lead figure — an experimental collage painting by Janet Tifft — is an expression of how imagination can lead to new insights, which the following concepts of time and space certainly are. In QTC time assumes a three dimensional spherical form. The radial coordinate involves aging/evolution, through energy levels in quantum steps ‘through’ time as perceived in a redshifting doubling process. In QCT time begins as a split of nothing into a pair of somethings, instants of time. They appear as a massless quantized dipole structure, a form of nothing, like 1 + -1, which can be represented as existence anti-existence. From the spatial viewpoint, since the reciprocal of time is frequency (energy), the dipole is an energy anti-energy packet defined by the scale of the lateral temporal interval and value of time involved that define the Planck units where Physics begins. The history of the universe is then the decay story of a dipole wave function via its doubling process taking into account what happens within its photon’s lateral transverse travels.
‘Cosmic’ time is the radial temporal value associated with its nuclear dipole energy level. It changes only by quantum transitions between allowed levels. Ignoring local effects on observed redshifts its actual value is given by its redshift CORRECTED for additions or subtractions from what happens laterally between transitions or caused by certain local factors at the source (such as excitation or degeneracy). Degeneracy, for example, is clearly seen using non isolated double galaxies. Matter distributed in space within a galaxy has ‘temporal commonality’, appearing as a point in time to satisfy simultaneity requirements which distinguish space from time. Passive energy (matter) can be simultaneous in time if spread in space (the spatial exclusion principle) thus allowing time to compress at nodes by constructing space. This is simply a transition between Bose and Fermi statistics which places galaxies (space) at wave function nodes and generates periodic quantized redshifts.
Space appears to be a temporal lateral energy plane of time folded up around its temporal dipole. Radial timelines in 3-d time become radial lookback (or lookin) lines within space which fold back by aberration around our timeline, define our now zone and produce the CBR dipole. The folding occurs because matter flows slower than c by Special Relativity thus lags active energy in timeline flow (which is now radial in space and manifested as the two stream outflow of space). The different flow rate of time and space also explains uncertainty, allows one to calculate the mass of the proton and explain dark matter, discussed in my book and later topics. Spatial forces now provide continuous dynamical control within each nodal galaxy. Force operates radially in space, communicating through temporal commonality. It cannot communicate through temporally distinct radial cosmic time. Force does not act between galaxies. Space has effectively become a part of cosmic lateral time. The radial two stream flow about an aging nuclear dipole is the route of spatial aging. Redshift does increase radially within galaxies, shown within my book and a later topic. The observed flow rate, scaled to a per megaparsec rate, yields the Hubble constant. Such aging spatial `bubbles’ (cosmic temporal points) will asymmetrically distort the wave function of radial evolution and adjust transition timing so energy can decay in observed cosmic redshift quantum doubling. The two stream matter anti-matter decay form of the nuclear dipole separates the anti forms by the temporal interval of the dipole so they cannot interact and annihilate. Matter anti-matter made locally within either stream are in the same temporal plane and will interact. Matter and anti-matter are equally present in QTC. The fundamental cosmic zero nothingness property is preserved.
For the balance of this blog I will discuss and demonstrate that nuclei of major nearby ellipticals, spiral bulges and So galaxies all contain a 73 km/s redshift dipole. I draw upon published data from excellent work by Davies, Illingworth, Dressler and Sandage from the 1980s. For full references refer to my book or ASP article available from this blog. (For book information or acquisition see Post001 and Post002.) Early type galaxies are used for two reasons, first since rotations are low and do not mask the dipole, and second because they provide outstanding confirmation of both the dipole and the role of vertical sequences in QTC (discussed in the next topics). My original paper is reproduced in full in Appendix 1 of my book. The paper was submitted to ApJ in 1997 but withdrawn when no suitable referees were available or willing to review this type of study contradictory to classical cosmology.
The intrinsic redshift effect of the dipole, depending upon its orientation, will either reinforce (R) or oppose (O) bulk motions of rotation or outflow, and has a dramatic effect on velocity dispersion measures (discussed with vertical sequences). The terminal figure in this blog (book figure A1.2) illustrates the dramatic effect on rotation comparing R and O dipole status in slowly rotating galaxies. V(T) is the true rotation corrected for dipole effects. V(C) is the observed rotation ignoring the dipole. Note that the O state will readily explain the apparent ‘reversed’ rotation effect which is seen in some galaxies (but not possible in QTC since mergers or such inflow induced effects are not present – excitation effects of redshift states also confuse what is interpreted as motion in nuclei). Also note how the lower left R example in the terminal figure perfectly explains the offsets in the rotation curve of NGC 2903 shown in book figure 2.4 where I first introduced the dipole. The basic effect, which has long been a classical puzzle, is why do E galaxies appear to have two rotational patterns, rapid rising and slow rising. This is clearly explained by the dipole orientation, it either adds or subtracts half the dipole scale, 36 km/s for the common 73 km/s dipole. This effect is beautifully illustrated in the in-text figure above. Book figure A1.3 on the left is the rotational pattern for the E through So galaxies as a function of observed rotationally induced eccentricity (denoted by a Greek epsilon). The dashed lines are the two families spaced by 73 km/s. The right figure (book figure A1.8) shows the rotation pattern corrected where the state could be determined (as discussed along with vertical sequences) for the E type and left split for So types (open circles in this figure). It provides a perfect smooth rotational pattern, an incredibly good proof of nuclear dipoles.
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