Topic032: Universal Aging IV, Vertical Sequences I, Bill Tifft, 12/10/16
As noted at the end of Topic030, vertical sequences provide the means by which the newly doubled products of the previous D state return to the visible redshift distribution. Vertical sequences are mentioned in early chapters of my book and blogs before I knew much about them. To proceed with the doubling story I need to first introduce a more comprehensive review of the basic properties of these patterns yet unknown in the earlier years. By bringing together all the related findings as redshift patterns developed some important properties of vertical sequences became apparent. In order to compare the figures involved, where both redshift and log(redshift) scales were used, the following conversions redshift > log(redshift) will be useful. 3000 > 3.48, 4000 > 3.60, 5000 > 3.70, 6000 > 3.78, 7000 > 3.84, 8000 > 3.90, 9000 > 3.95, 10000 > 2.00. The early redshift data used vo as traditional galactocentric, sufficient for basic comparisons herein.
The four lead figures from upper left to lower right are book figures 1.31, 1.32, 1.33 and 1.39 which include aspects related to vertical sequences. The upper left frame is the final best redshift-magnitude cross-band data for the Coma cluster. The in-text of book figure 1.27 + 1.34 shown below is the Coma cluster redshift pattern of active radio and strong emission galaxies which connects to the detailed (and further evolved – see book section 1.71) cross-band book figure 1.34 shown to its right. (For book information or acquisition see Post001 and Post002.) Activity follows a remarkably consistent pattern distributed in relation to cross-bands. A strong active vertical structure at log redshift 3.85 connects to and relates to cross band formation and band head development. Note the clear vertical remnant on the leading Coma cross-band in figure 1.31. It may connect to a mid band group.
The upper right lead figure is the core redshift-magnitude diagram for the Perseus cluster showing vertical band head associations. The lower left lead figure shows the outer part of Perseus which contains two remarkably distinct vertical sequences. The pattern at 5000 km/s corresponds with the upper band head pattern in the cluster. The Perseus pattern at redshift 6000 km/s also matches the Coma older mid band head at log redshift 3.78, predictably to be present in the older outer part of Perseus as it appears to be. The Perseus patterns distribute widely around the cluster with no spatial concentration, and both Perseus patterns contain active radio sources. The remarkable low redshift extension of the Perseus core compared with the outer structure is very obvious but there is no equivalent extension on the higher redshift side. Cluster cores are consistently advanced in redshift decay toward low redshift compared with older outflowing material just as found for galaxies. Redshift increases radially about the central core.
The lower right lead figure shows the relationship between identical compact early type galaxy groups and the A262 lower redshift cluster. The early type core of A262 is represented by a pair of vertical lines in the group frame. The A262 vertical pattern corresponds directly with Perseus 5000 km/s verticals as do the low redshift group of Coma radio and strong emission in figure 1.27. The compact group vertical pattern matches the Coma log redshift 3.85 active vertical distribution perfectly (see book section 1.7.2). Both Coma and A262 patterns also associate with radio and emission activity. The odd discordant A262 active source below log redshift 3.80 corresponds with compact groups discordant redshifts half way between the two vertical sequences. Discordant redshifts therefor fit log redshift 3.78 sequences.
To summarize the findings related to vertical sequences, three properties stand out. First the vertical patterns connect to redshift-magnitude low end band heads at junctions between developing cross-band structures. Verticals appear to be the route through the doubling process at specific D level where D+1 redshift sources return to, depart from, or decay between band D levels involving cross-bands in a continuing redshift decay process. Discussion in Topic033 describes the vertical sequence decay process and observable effects due to the orientation of the underlying nuclear temporal dipoles.
The second finding is that verticals are periodically spaced in redshift which correspond to the nuclear dipole spacing intervals which define D values of each object. The Coma, Perseus, compact groups and A262 systems show redshift intervals slightly more than 1000 km/s. This is the D = 8 = c/256 = 1171 km/s redshift spacing which generates D = 9 = c/512 = 586 km/s cross-band intervals. The nuclear value is the proper interval since scatter, slope and evolutionary timing distort band and vertical pattern intervals. Cosmic corrections must also be applied to redshift values.
A third related effect for intervals is that, after a short period where different systems have a persistent common D level the D level increases quickly to a higher value. Note that our galaxy has a D = 12 = c/4096 = 73.19 km/s redshift interval and the HDF has D = 4 = c/16 which doubles to D = 5 = c/32 with the SDF continuing to D = 6 = c/64. Coma, Perseus, compact groups, A262, (and Cl 1358+62) have D=8 as noted above. Dwarf irregulars appear to show redshift variation at D = 16 and 17 in steps near 2 km/s. QTC has suggested in my book that certain redshift intervals are relatively stable with more rapid D-step changes between. It appears that steps of 4 in D may separate the more stable states. Further studies of this finding will be needed. This discussion concerned common T = 0 states with an occasional T = 6 example which has a different redshift scale factor but shows no difference in doubling behavior. One study (book section 3.80) does show that metallicity differences may be present between T = 0 and 6. More data is required for other T states along with analysis, in Letho-Tifft format, of high redshift quasar data to build around and beyond the redshift distribution pattern discussed in QTC.
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