Topic034: A Review of the Fundamental Forces, Bill Tifft, and Tony Pitucco, 9/08/17

The fundamental forces were derived and discussed in Topic022, and originally in “Redshift Key to Cosmology” (Tifft, 2014), using the fine structure constant, Alpha, which measures the relative strength of forces with respect the Eo times do reference force at the Planck scale. The basic energy unit is the minimal 3-d temporal doubling 1 2 4 triad. Progressive basic doubling intervals generate successive classes of particles and their forces. This Topic034 discussion looks at the overall pattern of the force structure to examine a predictable higher level force and observable implications. Readers should review Topic022 to avoid duplication introducing this Topic.

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