Topic034: A Review of the Fundamental Forces, Bill Tifft, and Tony Pitucco, 9/08/17

Topic034: A Review of the Fundamental Forces, Bill Tifft, and Tony Pitucco, 9/08/17

Book figure S4, Table 7, Quark section on left; S4, Table 6 revised.

Book figure S4, Table 7, Quark section on left; S4, Table 6 revised.


Fine Structure Constant

As developed in Topic022 and illustrated in the leading figure above, the fundamental forces are defined by successive doubling of a scaling interval i, which represents doubling stages of the initial dipole split in the origin of time at the origin of the universe in QTC. The decay of the equivalent temporal-energy dipole housed in galactic nuclei, as QTC has demonstrated, drives timeline evolution, seen through quantized redshifts and temporal curvature, of the 3-d temporal expanding universe. This Topic will be looking at the force structure within space, a product of time, to illustrate its apparent structure and effects generated because of the doubling structure merger of Bose and Fermi statistics relating to issues of simultaneity, one of which is entanglement.

Force is a property of space and each spatial force has a limiting range that is defined by its scaling factor. There is no evidence that force can apply across cosmic temporal intervals. As QTC has extensively shown, there is no evidence that gravity applies between individual galaxies, and dark matter is simply ordinary matter beyond ‘our’ electromagnetic limit. The medium of cosmic time is 3-d, which is, interestingly, perhaps defined by its basic 1 2 4 triad energy unit. There is one clear symmetrical structure defined by the three 1 2 4 doubling intervals in a Euclidean orthogonal pattern, a sphere. The long dimensional unit 1 defines a 360 degree circumference, two 180 degree polar meridians define a perpendicular circumferential plane, and four 90 degree arcs complete the third orthogonal dimension, defining the radially symmetric nature of 3-d time/energy consistent with qo = 1/2 and the spherical cosmic correction.

We can look radially back in time through a ‘now’ zone of time linking all objects which closely share our fixed point in time as it evolved. That shared range of three or four temporal doubling steps (discussed below) provides related fixed common points through which forces are linked to construct their space and provide the common but evolving quantum `now’ connection. Meanwhile, as a spatial particles in a ‘now’ cosmic array, we individually evolve in `spatial’ continuous time (aging). Spatial forces communicate instantaneously through their individual fixed common temporal point while spatially temporally distinct to satisfy simultaneity merging Bose and Fermi statistics. We cannot look cosmically ‘laterally’ into the past and future, which are defined as shells radially inside or outside of our ‘now’ range of cosmic temporal commonality, but we can look back through our evolving ‘now’ shell. Individual cosmic commonality is carried in each galaxy by its fixed nuclear quantum dipole state while our spatial status provides spatial temporal aging by its matter. This distorts its fixed cosmic temporal parent wave state to prepare it for its next doubling decay through the quantized cosmic energy levels. Space also provides the momentum seen in the dual wave-particle view of energy. Entanglement in QTC is now an observable example, at shorter force levels, where a fixed cosmic temporal state can be seen in a spatially distinct form of simultaneity.

Turning now to a general look at the range of spatial forces and particles, the figure below shows relationships as a function of the doubling i-state which defines the forces originally discussed in Topic022. The first two lines show the relationship of the fundamental forces to the scaling parameter i on line five. The Strong force, marked separately for baryons, S, and bosons, s, is noted on the second line to distinguish their dimensional relationship to i. The electromagnetic force has a different i structure since it relates to both baryonic and bosonic forms. The Bos (boson) line distinguishes the light mesons and gauge bosons which fit different alpha ranges, as discussed in Topic022, but the same dimensional form. The Lep (lepton) line associates the electron and muon with the distinct electromagnetic force form of i, but the tauon is omitted at this stage. The doubling line D is the power of two defining i and shown only at four points. The remaining three lines distinguish i forms as pure cubes, squares or products of 2 cubed and progressive powers of i squared which applies to the electromagnetic force that relates to both 2-d/4-d and 3-d particle forms.

Table of relationships as a function of the doubling i-state

Table of relationships as a function of the doubling i-state

One can now see that the three basic ‘mass-related’ forces, S (baryons), Wk (3-d/4-d exchange) and Gravity (mass is gravitational charge) have uniquely 3-d (pure fermionic spatial) association with a 3-d/4-d connection process. Mesons and bosons are uniquely 4-d spatial-temporal with the same 4-d/3-d temporal – spatial link. Note there is one more link to force at D = 12, i = 4096 (our galaxy’s level) which I will discuss at the end of this Topic. There is a periodic pattern in D steps of four which, as noted above, is related to to the range of D values seen in any given regional study (the width of ‘now’). The quasar pattern relates to D = 0, the Hubble Deep field to 4, the Coma structure to 8 and we occupy D = 12. Leptonic structures associate with both 3-d and 2-d/4-d now as a product, consistent with previous findings (Topic023) that their transitional 3-d/4-d levels are or include unique Pi – Gamma 3-d/4-d steps between N.00 levels consistent with both 3-d and 2-d/4-d energy level exchanges. This is exactly what is needed to add or take away the inter-dimensional 3-d/4-d temporal neutrino link. One other point related to forces is the fact that the strong force must bind both meson/boson and baryonic particles (s and S in the figure). I have previously noted that there may be distinct forms of the strong force which is particle type related. However, since both baryonic and meson/boson particles are composites of quarks in ‘white’ sets, and quarks have both 3-d fermionic and 2-d bosonic levels that may be sufficient to explain strong force S/s compatibility.

There is one new finding I have not presented in a blog that concerns the relation of structural forms to the forces. Gravitation has no direct relationship with i squared. This is again resolved by quarks which could provide such a link as noted above, but is discussed here to clarify the issue. When I first examined quarks they clearly fit a 3-d fermion pattern although it also requires an inverse square relationship. This can be found through the composite feature in the included force table, but also exists directly in the match of energy levels not noted originally. The lead left figure in this blog contains the original quark 3-d energy level fits. The right leading figure shows both the 2-d and 3-d fits, virtually identical, in fact 2-d is slightly better. This also fits the potential i = 4096 force form which is completely equivalent to the weak force properties including a basic 2-d temporal link. There appear to be no structural deficiencies in the force structural patterns. This 2-d study is discussed in other documents, generated by the author, which relate to a Heritage program under development.

Finally, a comment relating to the issue of a possible force associated with i equal to 4096. A force is a transmission of association information, a link between points in space, connected through a common point in cosmic time through which it is instantaneously transmitted through space (the simultaneity link). Consciousness has such a link, consistent with the force transmission process of QTC and the direct evidence of entanglement. The force is extremely weak but there is evidence of awareness, especially in animals that have much more advanced sensory development of events out of spatial transmission range at the spatial time they occur. Just a suggestion at this point, but it may be conceivable that some aspect of consciousness is associated with the i = 4096 connection. May the force be with you!

Topic033       Topic035 →

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