Particle `rest’ energies (as distinguished from excitation energies associated with the rest structure or interaction with spatial forces) conform with QTP Planck based doubling defined levels. This means that transitions between levels are excitation or decay between universal `potential energy’ levels. They involve only energy, not structural or properties such as charge, which are fixed rest properties which contribute to conforming to the level where the particle resides. The external factors relate to activity by and within particles which combines with its universal (redshift) level to show `spatial’ activity and dynamics within particles. Both universal decay and rest energy particle decay must involve specific universal paths. The kaon neutral (Ko) particle is unique since it has two different paths. This Topic shows that QTPP does have a decay path for the charged kaon forms and two different paths for the neutral form. The interaction of successive doubling levels provides interesting information as to how particles may decay.
The mass energy of a particle in QTPP is described as the product of the Planck energy scaled by a vector structure scaling constant and a decreasing (negative) power of two defining the ‘doubling’ decay degree of the 3 or 4-d energy density associated with specific types of particles involved. Since the only variable is the doubling number that number is used to describe the ‘energy level’ of particles involved. The energy is tabulated (book section 4.2.5 Table 3) by integral doubling number N and the six 1/3 or1/4 fractional parts. In QTPP the basic energy unit involves a `triad’ of doublings 1 2 4, steps of 7, which constrain possible doubling levels. This topic shows the role of triads in generating quarks which combine to build hadrons and shows that the electron is a lower limit to quark energies. No more than the six known quarks are possible. The role of Higgs and the fundamental role of integral doubling level 56, where 3-d structures become possible, is discussed. A review of Topic023 may be useful preparation for this Topic.
The Zo and W Gauge Bosons at the high energy end of the particle pattern are present in QTPP only as transitions with no direct matching energy levels. The Zo and the three lower energy leptons are similar in one significant way, all four have transitions between levels of N.00 form which can associate them with both 3-d and 4-d transitions. Such a lepton form appears to both initiate and terminate known particle classes. A detailed comparison of the Higgs boson with the Kaon shows they both fit within identical doubling patterns, however, the patterns differ in relation to permitted triad defined levels. It is apparent that formation and decay patterns between energy levels take place between permitted triad structures not simply individual doubling steps. Triads, or doubling levels of triads, appear to be the actual individual building blocks for both known forces and particles.
The fundamental forces are derived and discussed using the Fine Structure Constant, Alpha, which measures the relative strength of forces with respect the Eo x do reference force at the Planck scale. The basic energy unit is the minimal 3-d temporal doubling 1 2 4 triad. The basic intervals are the doubling stages of the basic Planck interval which generates the various classes of particles and their forces. The full set of known values of Alpha are readily derived and implications relating to unification and singularities related to the series of scaled Planck intervals are discussed.
QTP predicts energy level patterns descending from the birth of the Universe, and populates those levels with a well organized and interlinked construct of particles. The structure relates in detail around energy level 64 which defines a core of 3-d baryons with the light mesons distributed below and heavier mesons and bosons above. This Topic begins the demonstration, through the light meson structure, how each 4-d flanking class is limited, and terminated by 3-d leptons. A similar terminus for quarks, bridging the overall pattern from top to bottom, is discussed after fundamental forces are considered in following Topics. This text is dedicated to my beloved wife Janet, on this second day of June, 2016, which would have been our 51st anniversary. It also marks my recognition of the tauon placement in QTP to complete the set of basic standard particles.