The previous topic began a discussion of the role of period doubling, and demonstrated end products (observed redshift distributions) seen within sets of data. How such a process actually appears to proceed from the ‘spatial’ viewpoint is discussed and illustrated in this topic. Many of the redshift, temporal and spatial properties previously discussed are involved. Discussion of boundary aspects of galaxies may explain a new effect. It is possible that transformation activity when space returns to temporal space can generate radiation near the CBR vertexes which is referred to as the zodiacal anomaly.
Except for T = 0 periodicities, easily detected in redshift samples defined by 21 cm profile width, other T states are more associated with variability and require phase-deviation analysis. Variability is apparently present at any width, but may be enhanced near phase breaks at W = 100, 200, and 400 km/s. T = 6 is apparently found, as is T = 0, at essentially all widths. T = 5 is rare, not well studied and mostly known from its strong presence in the Virgo cluster. T = 1 is closely associated with T = 0 and potentially may relate to decay of T = 0 states. This topic focuses on behavior in the profile width range 100 to 300 km/s around the 200 km/s phase-width break. There are marked differences in variability between giant and dwarf galaxies and between dwarf spirals and irregulars.
I apologize to the more casual readers of my blog for jumping ahead too fast in Topics 14 and 15. I keep hearing statements casually dismissing redshift quantization and completely avoiding variation evidence. I felt I should go on record to clearly define the effects, evidence, and procedures necessary to understand, detect and study such properties of the redshift. I may renumber those two topics later when they better fit the sequence. In the present topic I will return to my original subject intended for Topic014 to better define, discuss and illustrate T states.
Demonstrating variability and associating it with the properties of galaxies within Quantum Temporal Cosmology is not simple. Changes in redshift appear to occur often in small steps within cascades between levels in a periodic structure. Galaxies are decaying through successive energy levels at rates and times determined by quantum properties which define the evolutionary path of galaxies through cosmic time. Redshift variability appears to be the differential `slosh’ of that flow with respect to our current level. Effects are new and complex. Attempts to verify the findings must understand them and the procedures required to detect and study them. In the preceding topic I discussed the quantization pattern structure. This topic discusses the issue of variability.
With the recognition of how to precisely predict redshift periodicities the underlying basis of Quantum Temporal Cosmology is essentially complete. One task remains. How complete and unique is the periodicity pattern? Are there other decay processes and redshift patterns hidden in known data? Three studies have been made to look for power inconsistent with the Lehto-Tifft equations. No deviations have been detected.
In any expanding evolving cosmology, in continuous or quantum physics, the redshift must change with time. Classically it is very unlikely such change on the human time scale would be detectable. However, redshift variability became obvious as soon as new redshifts obtained between 1984-86 were compared with older surveys done between the 1960s and early 1980s. Redshift changes, much larger than any uncertainties, primarily shifts toward lower values, are present and become increasingly greater the older the past observations are for many galaxies. The redshift can apparently shift in quantum steps in just a few years as it cascades between longer more stable periods. This topic describes the discovery and initial study of the effect.
Topic 004 and Topic 005 indicate that the redshift of galaxies occurs in periodic `quantum’ steps. Such quantized steps appear to indicate that there is no gravitational connection or classical motion between galaxies. Double galaxies, the classical two body problem, provided the ideal testing ground for this hypothesis. As noted in Topic006 double galaxies yielded fundamental tests and information of three types, two independent motion tests, and the apparent form of large scale structure. In this topic I will introduce large scale structure and discuss orientation of pairs on the large scale as the second test for gravitationally induced motion. The test is completely independent of the quantization test discussed in Topic006.
With the emergence of evidence in Topics 004 and 005 that the redshift of galaxies appeared to occur in periodic `quantum’ steps it was obvious that new observational tests were needed to verify and define properties of such a model. Quantized steps clearly appeared to allow no gravitational connection or classical motion between galaxies. The obvious testing ground involved double galaxies, the ideal cosmological example of the two body problem. In fact double galaxies yielded fundamental tests and information of three types, two independent motion tests, and the apparent form of large scale structure. In this topic I will discuss verification of quantization of the redshifts.
My third topic discussed crossband substructure within redshift-magnitude band patterns. There are changes in redshift radially in clusters and between redshift patterns within clusters involving galaxy morphology and radio or emission line activity. These changes relate to understanding evolution of aggregates of galaxies and activity and morphology in individual galaxies. Topic004 opens discussion on those subjects.
My second topic introduced crossband substructure within redshift-magnitude band patterns. Patterns within the structure relating to radial distance from the cluster core, galaxy morphology, and radio or emission line activity in the galaxies provide new puzzles that will play important roles in understanding what redshift-magnitude band patterns are. For now just view the puzzle.