The fundamental forces were derived and discussed in Topic022, and originally in “Redshift Key to Cosmology” (Tifft, 2014), using the fine structure constant, Alpha, which measures the relative strength of forces with respect the Eo times do reference force at the Planck scale. The basic energy unit is the minimal 3-d temporal doubling 1 2 4 triad. Progressive basic doubling intervals generate successive classes of particles and their forces. This Topic034 discussion looks at the overall pattern of the force structure to examine a predictable higher level force and observable implications. Readers should review Topic022 to avoid duplication introducing this Topic.
This topic uses correlations of the breadth (dispersion) of spectral lines with properties of E galaxies to examine effects of reinforcing (R) or opposed (O) offsets due to orientation of the nuclear quantum dipole. The previous topic examined the effects on rotation measures. Dispersion measures provide a means to relate vertical sequences with redshift-magnitude bands. An alternate form of a band structure is derived using dispersion correlations between luminosity, rotation and shape (eccentricity) the last of which is an excellent morphological index that distinguishes galaxies that fall in vertical sequences.
This topic briefly brings together the observational properties of vertical structures and their contents in preparation for a more detailed discussion in Topic033. Using line width (dispersion) data Topic033 relates E galaxies to vertical structures and redshift-magnitude bands as part of the doubling evolution process of galaxies and their nuclear dipoles. Dipole orientation has marked effects upon observed properties of E galaxies as already discussed in Topic031 with respect to rotation. There is more to come.
As the discussion of the doubling process began it became apparent that since it is a fundamental process which links space and time, the time has come to discuss the formative processes and relationships between time, space and its fundamental dipole structure. They define the basis upon which the universe is built and link together the observed facts and premises within QTC. Parts of this discussion is based upon new understanding developed as I assembled this blog, some aspects quite recently going well beyond my book. It includes the first appendix to my book which was based upon some of my last work before retirement. Completion of the doubling process will follow.
This Topic begins a discussion of the processes by which galaxies within aggregates of galaxies appear to form and evolve as the universe ages. Previously discussed observed quantized and structural properties beginning with the Hubble Deep Field and the role of period doubling are brought together. As discussion continues important observational tests and evidence in support of the process will be presented.
The previous Topic026 demonstrated the high redshift quantized distribution of ACTIVE quasars and illustrated their period doubling connection to ACTIVE galaxies at lower redshift, which to see REQUIRES transformation to the cosmic rest frame and application of a cosmic correction due to the curvature of 3-d time that have been discussed in Topics010 and 011. I will clarify the corrections further in a later topic which will define the QTC lookback path in time. In this topic the distribution of galaxy redshifts in Hubble deep field studies is used to more fully define the structural nature of redshift quantization. The pattern consists of a doubling series of objects, starting at an ‘absent’ quasar at a basic simple fraction of c, followed by cyclical steps of galaxies in higher doubling fractional steps of c. This is an initial beginning of a temporal wave function energy which then extends in cyclical periodic cycles at the wave function energy between subsequent doubling steps. The QTC model fits real observational data essentially perfectly.
The Zo and W Gauge Bosons at the high energy end of the particle pattern are present in QTPP only as transitions with no direct matching energy levels. The Zo and the three lower energy leptons are similar in one significant way, all four have transitions between levels of N.00 form which can associate them with both 3-d and 4-d transitions. Such a lepton form appears to both initiate and terminate known particle classes. A detailed comparison of the Higgs boson with the Kaon shows they both fit within identical doubling patterns, however, the patterns differ in relation to permitted triad defined levels. It is apparent that formation and decay patterns between energy levels take place between permitted triad structures not simply individual doubling steps. Triads, or doubling levels of triads, appear to be the actual individual building blocks for both known forces and particles.
Except for T = 0 periodicities, easily detected in redshift samples defined by 21 cm profile width, other T states are more associated with variability and require phase-deviation analysis. Variability is apparently present at any width, but may be enhanced near phase breaks at W = 100, 200, and 400 km/s. T = 6 is apparently found, as is T = 0, at essentially all widths. T = 5 is rare, not well studied and mostly known from its strong presence in the Virgo cluster. T = 1 is closely associated with T = 0 and potentially may relate to decay of T = 0 states. This topic focuses on behavior in the profile width range 100 to 300 km/s around the 200 km/s phase-width break. There are marked differences in variability between giant and dwarf galaxies and between dwarf spirals and irregulars.
I apologize to the more casual readers of my blog for jumping ahead too fast in Topics 14 and 15. I keep hearing statements casually dismissing redshift quantization and completely avoiding variation evidence. I felt I should go on record to clearly define the effects, evidence, and procedures necessary to understand, detect and study such properties of the redshift. I may renumber those two topics later when they better fit the sequence. In the present topic I will return to my original subject intended for Topic014 to better define, discuss and illustrate T states.
This topic is a little different, and my work has been delayed because of the passing of my beloved wife Janet. I have introduced and demonstrated many of the basic concepts underlying Quantum Temporal Cosmology, many which are quite disturbing to adherents of classical cosmology and other schools of thought. There are a few things I need to make clear. Science should be a search for truth where all ideas must stand or fall on their OWN merits. I keep hearing comments that findings related to properties of work by the Arp-Burbidge-Narlikar school can be dismissed, therefore ALSO my work related to quantization and time. There is no significant overlap of my work with the premises of that school of thought. This blog topic, quite advanced for my regular topic series, is intended to explain what is actually required to understand and test QTC. Tests must utilize correct procedures and examine predictions and evidence representing QTC’s own unique findings.